One of the most important elements of a good web site is the color scheme. The color scheme impacts more than just the usability and visibility of a web site; colors evoke certain emotions in its users. Web designers must carefully consider emotional ties along with what the colors may symbolize—for instance, in America, white is often worn at weddings, yet it is worn at funerals in Japan. Color schemes are important when it comes to business promotional items and advertising specialty products.
Color theory is the study of colors and how they impact the mind. Color theory addresses a number of topics surrounding color, such as additive color, subtractive color, primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors, tint, hue, value, and saturation.
The Color Wheel
The Color Wheel is a visual representation of how colors work together. When using it as a reference, designers are able to quickly identify color schemes that will suit their designs and which colors would look pleasing together.
There are many tools on the internet that designers can use to create color schemes. One of the best is the Color Scheme Designer that features a clickable, interactive color wheel. Depending on what kind of scheme you want, you can adjust the settings and click a color.
If you have a certain image or logo that you want to work from, you can use a color palette generator to pull out the different colors and see what's in the palette. Then you can use colors that already complement each other.
Color Toy will create random color schemes for you. It provides the RGB and hexadecimal numbers for each color it generates, allowing you to easily use the colors. If you happen to know a color that you already like, you can input the hexadecimal number and generate a palette for you.
There are many different color combinations that web designers should know in order to create a unique color scheme, meet the needs of clients, and help the usability of the a site.
Colors on the Web
When computers were only able to display in 8-bit color, there were only 256 total colors that displayed exactly the same across PC, Mac, and all web browsers. Because 40 of these colors were reserved as system colors, only the remaining 216 were considered web-safe colors. This was the palette that web designers were allowed to use; many designers still adhere to it. Due to the advent of advanced technology, web designers are no longer limited by this palette and are now able to use up to 16 million different colors that most recent monitors can display.
A designer's color choices are displayed using the hexadecimal system. The hexadecimal system is based on a number system of 16 rather than the decimal system of 10. Each color has a value based on this system so that web designers can better identify the colors they need.It is crucial for a web designer to understand color theory and its aspects in order to create aesthetically-pleasing and user-friendly website designs. Without a strong sense of color theory, potential customers could overlook your company's website in favor of a competitor's website!
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