It’s hard to imagine crafts, school projects, or Christmas gift labels without Sharpies. These colorful permanent markers have been fan favorites for years, so who was the genius that made them? When did our Sharpie love officially start?

Let’s dive into the history of Sharpie pens! You’ll learn more about ink, sports sponsors, and how two U.S. presidents fit into the story.

Hour Glass

History of Sharpies Timeline

The Sharpie has a permanent place in our hearts. This timeline shows where these permanent markers started and how they became bestsellers in America!

  • Early 1960s

    Early 1960s https://www.madeinchicagomuseum.com/single-post/sanford-ink-company/

    Charlie Lofgren, the President of Sanford Ink Company, loved the idea of the Magic Marker, but wasn’t a fan of the design. He spoke with V.P. Francis Gilbert, and the two worked together to improve on the felt tip markers, using aluminum instead of glass and offering 3 different sizes.

  • 1964

    1964 https://www.thepenmarket.com/vintage-pens-blog/2014/05/sanford-ink-a-brief-history/

    Sanford Ink Company introduced the Sharpie Fine Point black marker to the public. Johnny Carson was reportedly a huge fan and talked about Sharpies on his late show. This gave the brand a boost and made the marker pens an instant hit.

  • 1979

    1979 https://www.amazon.com/Sharpie-30174-Permanent-Marker-Green/dp/B00005NIUB

    The Sharpie Fine Point marker was sold at retail stores. It came in four colors – black, red, blue, and green. This was the first time colored Sharpies were available to the public!

  • 1989

    1989 https://www.michaels.com/sharpie-ultra-fine-point-marker/M10170468.html

    Sanford released the Sharpie Ultra Fine Point. These marker pens have a slim barrel, metal pocket clip, and precise, needle-point tip. Today, they’re one of the best types of Sharpies for writing.

  • 1991

    1991 https://www.thestreet.com/investing/stocks/newell-brands-rises-on-suntrust-upgrade-to-buy-15108585

    Newell Brands bought the Sanford Ink Company, and this switch in ownership brought Sharpie pens to a whole new level. One of the first actions was to partner with professional sports teams, and just like that, Sharpies became part of the $5 billion team memorabilia industry.

  • 1990s – 2000s

    1990s – 2000s https://www.bjs.com/product/arizona-arnold-palmer-half-and-half-iced-tea-and-lemonade-mix-73-oz/3000000000002295753

    Sharpie started sponsoring PGA golfers. Arnold Palmer used a Sharpie to sign autographs, and now his signature is one of the most famous of all time. It decorates every can and bottle of his famous lemonade iced tea!

  • 2002

    2002 https://www.sikids.com/kid-reporter/celebrate-good-times-nfls-best-celebrations

    Terrell Owens, a wide receiver for the San Francisco 49ers, pulled a Sharpie out of his sock to sign a football after scoring a touchdown. This is known by sports fans as “The Sharpie Touchdown.”

  • 2002 – 2009

    2002 – 2009 https://heraldcourier.com/sports/nascar-points-leader-selling-tickets-at-bms/article_1f518036-556d-5328-82c9-04bd149b2056.html

    Sharpie sponsored the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. One of the races at Bristol Motor Speedway was even named “The Sharpie 500”! Newell Brands was forced to hit the brakes on this partnership in 2009.

  • 2003 – 2006

    2003 – 2006 https://www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/2005-kurt-busch-97-sharpie-autographs-495259041

    It’s important to give back. Sharpie did their part with a national education campaign called “Autographs for Education.” In exchange for collecting 1 million autographs from celebrities and pro athletes, Sharpie donated $1 million in supplies to schools across the United States.

  • 2005

    2005 https://www.etsy.com/

    The Mini Sharpie made its debut. These markers are roughly half the size of a regular Sharpie and can be clipped to a lanyard, keychain, or backpack. Sharpie also acquired Accent highlighters this same year.

  • 2005

    2005 https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/nmah_1323300

    Hurricane Katrina was one of the most devastating storms in U.S. history. Jillian Gross and her team at Habitat for Humanity built 51 homes in one week to help people in New Orleans. After the project was complete, Gross donated her toolbelt, which included this Sharpie marker, to the Smithsonian Institution.

  • 2006

    2006 https://www.amazon.com/Sharpie-32707-Retractable-Permanent-Assorted/dp/B000ZLYNH0

    Sharpie released retractable pens, which came with a clicker on top rather than a cap. These Sharpie pens are great for autographs, sign making, and drawing by hand.

  • 2007

    2007 https://www.auditionsfree.com/2014/casting-tv-commercial-nyc-sharpie-sag-non-union/

    Sharpie’s advertising got even stronger with the new “Write Out Loud” slogan. This catchy tagline was used in TV commercials that showed Sharpies making tough situations a little bit better.

  • 2008

    2008 https://www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/george-bush-sharpie-lapel-pin-white-136286996

    President George Bush wanted personalized Sharpies for The White House. He reportedly gave these Sharpie pens out as gifts to his family and presidential team.

  • 2011

    2011 http://veh-markets.com/cars/nissan-c/181452-supercharged-2010-nissan-370z-mishimoto-sharpie-race-show-car-sema-dsport.html

    This one-of-a-kind “Mishimoto Sharpie” Nissan was part of the SEMA Auto Show. It was not only decked out in a Sharpie print, but also modified with a racing clutch and other cool features.

  • 2012

    2012 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Space_Station

    The Sharpie became the official writing utensil for astronauts aboard the International Space Station. Why? These permanent markers work in zero-gravity and can be used upside-down!

  • 2013

    2013 https://www.trendhunter.com/trends/it-all-started-with-a-sharpie

    “It All Started with a Sharpie” was a series created by students at the Miami Ad School. The campaign showed crumpled pieces of paper with rough first drafts of famous logos. Critiques of the logos are on the paper written in black Sharpie.

  • 2014

    2014 https://www.ispot.tv/ad/7Kto/sharpie-50-ways-to-get-a-prom-date

    Newell Brands wanted to reach a younger demographic, releasing a commercial about “50 Ways to Get a Prom Date.” Each way had something to do with a Sharpie. This campaign became known as “You Can Do Anything With a Sharpie.”

  • 2015

    2015 https://www.amazon.com/Sharpie-Art-Workshop-Techniques-Transforming/dp/1631590480

    Timothy Goodman published his book, “Sharpie Art Workshop: Techniques and Ideas for Transforming Your World.” He’s an illustrator and muralist who creates Sharpie art for big name clients like Google, Samsung, Target, Airbnb, and Netflix.

  • 2018

    2018 https://www.freestufffinder.com/free-sharpie-markers-5-pack-at-office-depot-after-rewards/

    Newell Brands wasn’t happy with how Office Depot was promoting Sharpies so they stopped shipping the pens to the retail store. According to The Wall Street Journal, this hasty decision led to a 10% decline in Sharpie sales.

  • 2018

    2018 https://www.licenseglobal.com/corporate-brands/sharpie-uncaps-athlete-partnership

    Sharpie just couldn’t get away from professional sports! The brand released limited edition markers in partnership with The Players’ Tribune, a medic company started by Derek Jeter of the New York Yankees.

  • 2019

    2019 https://www.politico.com/story/2019/09/04/donald-trump-sharpie-hurricane-map-1481733

    #SharpieGate was a trending hashtag on social media. A Sharpie was used to create a permanent line on a map that tracked Hurricane Dorian’s path through the United States. The controversy was that Alabama was included, even though it wasn’t one of the projected states to be affected by the storm.

  • 2020

    2020 https://www.newsweek.com/sharpiegate-trump-marker-sale-dorian-1458125

    President Donald Trump was running for reelection in the United States. His campaign team offered custom Sharpie markers that were autographed by Trump for $15 each in an online store. The campaign manager tweeted that this marker “has the special ability to drive @CNN and the rest of the fake news crazy!”

What is a Sharpie?

What is a Sharpie?

What is a Sharpie?

A Sharpie is a felt tip marker pen made by Newell Brands. The markers come in 49 colors, have thin or thick tips, and write in regular, neon, or metallic ink.

When Was the Sharpie Invented?

The Sharpie was invented by the Sanford Ink Company in 1964. Charlie Lofgren, who was the president of Sanford at the time, wanted to compete with the Magic Marker.

When Was the Sharpie Invented? https://www.madeinchicagomuseum.com/single-post/sanford-ink-company/

When Sanford first opened in 1873, they were best-known for their line of paste and tempera paints, which were popular in elementary school classrooms. Lofgren was ready for something new, so recruited his V.P. Frank Gilbert to help turn the Sharpie into a reality.

Gilbert and his team of chemists worked around the clock, making changes until the Sharpies were just right. They were able to improve permanent markers by using aluminum barrels instead of glass and creating ink that wouldn’t smear on the paper.

All of this effort was worth it! Black Sharpies, which came in 3 sizes, were an instant hit at retail stores around the United States. In fact, Johnny Carson loved these markers so much he talked about them on “The Tonight Show!”

Why Are Sharpies Called Sharpies?

Why Are Sharpies Called Sharpies?

Why Are Sharpies Called Sharpies?

No one is exactly sure why Sharpies are called “Sharpies.” The most likely story is that the name was inspired by fountain pens, which were also sold by the Sanford Ink Company at the time.

When Did Sharpies Become Popular?

When Did Sharpies Become Popular?

When Did Sharpies Become Popular?

The Sharpie became popular in the 1990s. Newell Brands took over the brand and immediately paired the markers with professional sports for autograph signing. This move helped catapult the permanent markers to stardom!

The 90s and 2000s were key decades in Sharpie history. Here are some defining moments!

Sharpie sponsored PGA golfers

Sharpie sponsored PGA golfers Arnold Palmer, Chad Campbell, David Toms, and Gary Player.

NASCAR

The first “Sharpie 500” race was hosted by NASCAR.

Schools

Schools became interested in Sharpie thanks to the “Autographs for Education” campaign, which collected autographs from pro athletes and other celebrities.

Terrell Owens

Terrell Owens of the San Francisco 49’ers showboated by signing a football with a Sharpie after a touchdown.

All this effort paid off in the end. 150 million Sharpies sold every single year from 1990 to 1996, and the marker pens became extremely well-loved by young sports fans. Today, Sharpie’s target customer is anyone in the 13 to 24 age group.

What Are the Different Types of Sharpies?

You’ll find many different types of Sharpies! These permanent markers come in 49 colors and feature 12 tips ranging from bold to ultra-fine.

Do you need Sharpies? Here are the different types that you can choose from:

  • Sharpie Fine Point
  • Sharpie Extra Fine Point
  • Sharpie Ultra Fine Point
  • Sharpie Bold Point
  • Sharpie Extra Bold Point
  • Sharpie Chisel Tip
  • Sharpie XL Chisel Tip
  • Sharpie Medium Point
  • Sharpie Twin Tip
  • Sharpie Fabric Markers
  • Sharpie Paint Pens
  • Sharpie Chalk Markers
  • Mini Sharpies
  • Custom Sharpies

Sharpie Fine Point https://www.walmart.com/ip/Sharpie-Permanent-Markers-Fine-Point-Black-12-Count/14138980

Sharpie Fine Point


Sharp Extra Fine Point https://www.amazon.com/Sharpie-Oil-Based-Paint-Marker-Extra/dp/B00E1NY42C

Sharp Extra Fine Point


Sharpie Ultra Fine Point https://www.michaels.com/sharpie-ultra-fine-point-marker/M10170468.html

Sharpie Ultra Fine Point


Sharpie Bold Point https://www.risdstore.com/sharpie-paint-marker-yellow-bold.html

Sharpie Bold Point


Sharpie Extra Bold Point https://www.walmart.com/ip/Sharpie-Extra-Bold-Point-Poster-Paint-Marker-Black-071641372184/452228421

Sharpie Extra Bold Point


Sharpie Chisel Tip https://www.pensandpencils.net/products/sharpie-fine-point-slate-grey-permanent-marker

Sharpie Chisel Tip


Sharpie XL Chisel Tip https://www.sharpie.com/markers/professional-markers/sharpie-pro-permanent-marker-xl-chisel-tip/SAP_2018347.html

Sharpie XL Chisel Tip


Sharpie Medium Point https://www.hobbylobby.com/Art-Supplies/Drawing-Illustration/Markers/Sharpie-Medium-Point-Oil-Based-Paint-Marker/p/64208

Sharpie Medium Point


Sharpie Twin Tip https://www.risdstore.com/sharpie-twin-tip-blue.html

Sharpie Twin Tip


Sharpie Fabric Markers https://www.pensnmore.com/products/sharpie-stained-permanent-fabric-marker-green-pack-of-12

Sharpie Fabric Markers


Sharpie Paint Pens https://www.amazon.com/Sharpie-Paint-Markers-gold-medium/dp/B0149HEYBK

Sharpie Paint Pens


Sharpie Chalk Markers https://www.amazon.com/Sharpie-Marker-Markers-Assorted-Colors/dp/B084TQHQ7R

Sharpie Chalk Markers


Mini Sharpies

Mini Sharpies


Custom Sharpies

Custom Sharpies


Black Sharpies are the most common, but you can get Sharpies in many other colors with fun names like “leg warmer orange” and “celestial gray.” There are even neon, glitter, and metallic Sharpies. It’s a colorful world thanks to this popular brand!

Did you know?

You can buy 1 Sharpie at a time or get up to 115 Sharpies in a pack.

Do They Sell White Sharpies? https://www.sharpie.com/markers/chalk-paint-markers/sharpie-oil-based-paint-markers-fine-point/SAP_37371PP.html

Do They Sell White Sharpies?

Do They Sell White Sharpies? https://www.sharpie.com/markers/chalk-paint-markers/sharpie-oil-based-paint-markers-fine-point/SAP_37371PP.html

Good news – Sharpie Paint Markers and Chalk Markers come in white! Pick up these white Sharpies in a pack, or buy them individually at stores like Hobby Lobby or Target.

What Surfaces Can Sharpies Write On?

What Surfaces Can Sharpies Write On?

What Surfaces Can Sharpies Write On?

A Sharpie can be used to write or draw on pretty much anything! The surface you’re writing on should be plain and smooth for the best results.

Sharpies work on the following materials:

  • Paper
  • Glass
  • Wood
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic
  • Metal
  • Fabric

Sharpies also work on rocks and seashells, which is a great way to create beautiful décor for weddings, parties, and backyard barbecues!

What Can Sharpies Be Used For?

Sharpie ink is permanent, which is why these marker pens are great for arts & crafts projects. Since the ink is thick, it also shows up clearly on signs and labels.

Use Sharpies for all of the following:

Craft Projects https://www.merakilane.com/get-creative-25-super-fun-sharpie-art-crafts-for-kids/

Craft Projects

You can use Sharpies for a ton of arts and crafts projects including: scrapbooks, coasters, wall art, keychains, bookmarks, flower pots, pillowcases, sun catchers, and anything else you can imagine! These markers also come in handy for school projects.

Drawing https://thehappyhousie.porch.com/diy-peony-line-drawing-with-a-sharpie/

Drawing

Pencils are great, but it’s not always easy to see what you’re drawing. Create bold lines by using a Sharpie instead. This is also a great way to bring color to your masterpieces!

Signs

Signs

Are you having a garage sale? Write “Yard Sale” in large print on a piece of white paper using a black Sharpie. Sharpie markers can also be used to make DIY signs for protests, fundraisers, and parties.

Autographs

Autographs

It’s not like you meet famous celebrities, athletes, or authors every day! Go to a “Meet & Greet” with a Sharpie, so you can get a signed photo, ball, poster, jersey, or book.

Labels

Labels

Moving day can be a nightmare! Your life will be way easier with Sharpie pens. Label your boxes so you know what’s inside. Sharpies can also be used to label gifts, name tags, and measurements for construction projects.

Stationery https://www.diys.com/asy-sharpie-crafts/

Stationery

The envelopes that come with greeting cards look so boring! Make them more exciting by decorating with Sharpie markers. You can also use Sharpies to add flair to plain hardcover notebooks.

Gift Wrap https://diyprojectsforteens.com/cool-sharpie-crafts-ideas/

Gift Wrap

Your presents will be at the top of the pile if you decorate the boxes or gift bags with Sharpies. With a cool design, you won’t even need the bow on top!

Home Décor https://www.grandmacreates.com/17-cool-diy-sharpie-craft-ideas/

Home Décor

Use a stencil to make a design on chairs, tables, wallpaper, vases, lamps, and candles. You can switch up the colored Sharpies that you use, creating a new look for every room in your house!

Kitchenware https://thecraftyblogstalker.com/crafts-with-sharpie-markers/

Kitchenware

Spruce up wine glasses, ceramic mugs, and dinner plates with a Sharpie. If you’re using paper cups at a party, you can also use Sharpies to make them look more interesting.

Phone & Tablet Cases https://www.diys.com/asy-sharpie-crafts/

Phone & Tablet Cases

We are all attached to technology. Bring some personality to your device by decorating your phone or tablet case with Sharpies.

Shoes https://www.thecraftpatchblog.com/sharpie-tie-dye-sneakers/

Shoes

Use your favorite Sharpies to bring a new look to your gym shoes. You can use stencils to create an intricate pattern, or go nuts and do everything freehand!

Fashion Accessories https://diyjoy.com/diy-sharpie-crafts/

Fashion Accessories

Is it time for a new wardrobe? A Sharpie can be used to make DIY necklaces, wallets, bracelets, belts, and more. Decorate tote bags with a Sharpie to save on bridesmaid bags for your wedding!

Tie Dye Shirts https://www.meatloafandmelodrama.com/easy-sharpie-tie-dye-t-shirt/

Tie Dye Shirts

Create cool tie dye shirts with Sharpies! Simply draw all over a t-shirt or tank top with the markers and then use an eye dropper to drip rubbing alcohol on top of the ink. It will naturally swirl together, creating a psychedelic pattern! Seal it with an iron after the shirt is completely dry.

Holiday & Party Decorations https://www.creatingreallyawesomefunthings.com/halloween-party-ideas/

Holiday & Party Decorations

You can decorate a ton of holiday décor using Sharpies. These markers are great for ornaments, Easter eggs, and jack o’ lanterns. Are you hosting a birthday party? Use Sharpies to decorate balloons, streamers, and banners.

Sharpies can bring a new look to your home, wardrobe, and office. They can also be used to make personalized gifts and to help you save you money on party decorations. Be creative and have fun!

Did you know?

Are you decorating for Halloween? You can download free pumpkin stencils and trace inside of them using Sharpies!

What is Sharpie Ink Made Out Of?

Sharpies are made from plastic. The oil-based ink has many ingredients including dyes, xylene, toluene, and 3 types of alcohol: propyl, butyl, and diacetone.

Millions of Sharpies are made every day. Here’s how each pen is created, step by step:


Step One

Step One

The Sharpie’s barrel is molded out of plastic resin on an assembly line.

Step Two

Step Two

Screen printing is used to add the “Sharpie” name and any other customization to the barrel.

Step Three

Step Three

A needle injects a pre-mixed ink into the barrel. At the same time, a mechanical arm adds the tip onto the end. Sharpies can be made with 12 different tips, but the most common are fine point or chisel.

Step Four

Step Four

The Sharpie’s cap is made from the same plastic resin as the barrels.

Step Five

Step Five

The Sharpies are packaged and ready to go!

Sharpie permanent markers are, for the most part, made in the USA. The main factory is in Maryville, Tennessee, though they do also make these permanent markers in Mexico.

How to Store Sharpie Markers

How to Store Sharpie Markers

How to Store Sharpie Markers

You should store Sharpies, markers, and highlighters upside down to prevent the ink from drying out. It’s also a good idea to keep your Sharpie pens away from windows as the sun could affect the ink.

How Long Do Sharpies Last?

How Long Do Sharpies Last?

How Long Do Sharpies Last?

According to Sharpie’s website, there isn’t an exact science to how long their markers last. It really depends on how often they’re used and how well you take care of them.


Did you know?

You can revive a dried out Sharpie by dipping the tip in rubbing alcohol. Let it sit until you see the ink running, cap the marker, and wait 15 minutes before using.

How Do You Remove Dried Sharpie?

Did you get Sharpie all over your favorite t-shirt or chair? It’s super easy to remove that stain! You just need the right supplies.

Try any of the following to remove dried Sharpie from your walls, furniture, or clothing:

Rubbing Alcohol

Rubbing Alcohol

Use a Q-tip to put rubbing alcohol on the Sharpie stain. This method is recommended for removing permanent marker from carpet or if you get it on your skin.

Hairspray

Hairspray

Did you get Sharpie on your sweatshirt? Try spraying the area with aerosol hairspray. Let the hairspray sit for five minutes and then blot dry with a paper towel.

Pencil Eraser

Pencil Eraser

Let’s say you got Sharpie on your cell phone or tablet. Remove the stain by rubbing it with a pencil eraser.

Hand Sanitizer

Hand Sanitizer

Hand sanitizer is a great way to keep germs at bay, but you can also use it to remove Sharpie marker from the wall. Test a small amount first so you don’t damage the paint.

Toothpaste

Toothpaste

Another good way to get Sharpie off your walls is with toothpaste. Give it five minutes to sit and then scrub clean with an old toothbrush. Your walls will smell minty fresh!

Antibacterial Wipes

Antibacterial Wipes

If you get Sharpie all over your hands, try using antibacterial wipes to rub them clean. You can also use wet wipes if someone draws on your face with Sharpie at a sleepover!

White Vinegar

White Vinegar

It can be super stressful to get Sharpie on your furniture. Get it clean by using a clean cloth and white vinegar. Repeat scrubbing the area until the mark is gone.

Baking Soda

Baking Soda

Don’t use all your baking soda to make a cake! This pantry item can be used to remove Sharpie from your clothes or furniture.

Peanut Butter

Peanut Butter

You love peanut butter on your sandwiches, but you can also use this creamy food to remove Sharpie from wood. The fat will dissolve the ink, so leave the peanut butter on the stain for at least five minutes. Clean afterward with a damp microfiber cloth.

Lemon Juice

Lemon Juice

The acidity in lemon juice will remove the toughest stains. Try putting a few drops on the Sharpie, and let it work its magic!

Dry Erase Marker
WD-40

WD-40

WD-40 is a miracle worker that you can buy at most retail stores. Give this cleaning product a try if you accidentally get Sharpie marker on your metal table or faux leather handbag.

Stain Remover

Stain Remover

Tide, OxiClean, and Zout make excellent stain removers. You can get a small stick or a giant spray bottle, depending on how often you’re getting Sharpie on your personal items!

*DISCLAIMER: Quality Logo Products® is not responsible for any damage caused by removing Sharpie.

One of these cleaning strategies is sure to help you get rid of those Sharpie marks! Always test a small area first, and make sure you clean the stain right away. You don’t want to let the Sharpie sit for too long as it makes it more difficult to clean later.

Are Sharpies Toxic?

Are Sharpies Toxic?

Are Sharpies Toxic?

Sharpies are labeled as “non-toxic.” According to Healthline, it’s not likely that you’ll get ink poisoning from getting Sharpie on your skin or in your mouth or eye.

On the other hand, it’s very dangerous to purposefully breathe in the smell of permanent marker fumes. Inhalation can result in slurred speech, loss of coordination, and nausea. Never intentionally breathe in the smell of Sharpies!

Ultimately, you should avoid using Sharpies in any way other than their intended use. If you really want a tattoo, for example, temporary tattoos are much safer and less harsh to clean off later.

What is So Special About Sharpies?

What is So Special About Sharpies?

What is So Special About Sharpies?

There are many permanent markers out there, but Sharpies are the most special. These permanent markers are comfortable to hold, come in a variety of eye-catching colors, and have been around for over 50 years!

It’s that long history that makes Sharpies so special. Your parents and maybe even grandparents used them, and now you’re pulling them out for art projects. Who knows what’s in store for the future?!

Stats for Success

Stats for Success

You can buy Sharpies in over 20 countries around the world.

Stats for Success

In 1964, employees at Sanford Ink Company were able to make about 4,000 Sharpies in one 8-hour shift.

Stats for Success

Terrell Owens’s famous “Sharpie Touchdown” resulted in about $5 million in free publicity.

The Bottom Line

Sharpie markers come in handy for DIY projects, gift wrapping, decorating, homework assignments, and so much more. Whether you pick up a thin Sharpie, silver Sharpie, or a Sharpie Paint Marker, you can’t go wrong with this one-of-a-kind brand!

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Lazarus, G. (1996, April 1). Fourth-Generation Sharpie Could Make Super-Fine Sales Point. Retrieved from,
https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1996-04-01-9604010114-story.html

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https://www.sharpie.com/about.html

Terlep, S. (2018, March 26). Maker of Sharpies Drew the Line on Trade Promotions – and Paid in Lost Sales. Retrieved from,
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https://www.thesharpiestories.com/sharpie-history/

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https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/evolution-sharpie-design-different-focus/

eSchool News. The Sharpie Autographs for Education Program. Retrieved from,
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Sweeney, E. (2018, April 12). Sharpie Partners with Derek Jeter’s Players’ Tribune on First-Person Content Series. Retrieved from,
https://www.marketingdive.com/news/sharpie-partners-with-derek-jeters-players-tribune-on-first-person-conten/521157/

Jenny’s Crayon Collection. Complete List of Sharpie Marker Colors, Fine and Ultra Fine. Retrieved from,
http://www.jennyscrayoncollection.com/2021/04/complete-list-of-sharpie-marker-colors.html

Ringwelski, M. How Are Sharpies Made? Retrieved from,
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Smith, S. (2021, May 24). 7 Household Items You’re Better Off Storing Upside Down. Retrieved from,
https://www.rd.com/list/items-store-upside-down/

Office Monster. How to Revive Dried Out Pens, Sharpies, and Highlighters. Retrieved from,
https://www.officemonster.co.uk/how-to-revive-dried-out-pens-sharpies-and-highlighters

Lussier, M. (2019, June 12). How to Remove Sharpie From Anything. Retrieved from,
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https://www.maids.com/blog/how-to-remove-sharpie-from-any-surface/

Groth, L. (2021, April 22). How to Remove Permanent Marker Stains. Retrieved from,
https://www.rd.com/article/how-to-remove-permanent-marker-stains/

Heinz, A. (2020, August 17). How to Remove Permanent Marker From Any Surface. Retrieved from,
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Northern New England Poison Center. Marker Ink (Permanent). Retrieved from,
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