1. Step 1
    Step 1

    Plastic Pellets Are Prepped

    Plastic pellets arrive at the frisbee manufacturer in 50 to 100 lb. bags. The pellets are placed into a large drum and mixed with pigment and a weight-enhancing additive. The additive helps make sure the frisbee will be just the right weight to fly. Oil is also added to help the pigment stick to the pellets. The drum vibrates to combine the materials together.

  2. Step 2
    Step 2

    Foreign Objects Removed

    The pellets are fed into a hopper that dries the pigments and oil. Foreign objects, like metal or iron, are also removed using a giant magnet. These foreign objects can come from the factories that ship the plastic pellets and have to be removed because they can cause deformities during the injection process.

  3. Step 3
    Step 3

    Plastic is Melted

    Once the material is dry, the plastic pellets are fed down into a barrel. The pellets are gradually melted and stirred by a large screw that slowly compresses the molten plastic.

  4. Step 4
    Step 4

    Liquid Injection

    Once the screw is filled with the right amount of liquid, it shoots the material through a valve and into the frisbee mold under high pressure.

  5. Step 5
    Step 5

    Cooling the Mold

    Cooling fluid is flushed through holes in the frisbee mold to speed the cooling process. During this time, more pellets from the hopper are fed into the drum to begin melting for the next injection.

  6. Step 6
    Step 6

    Remove the Finished Product

    Once the mold is cooled, mechanical arms remove the molded frisbee so it can be imprinted with ink or engraving of the manufacturer’s brand.

During the frisbee-creation process, there is little waste produced. If a frisbee is removed from the mold with excess material on the edges, it is trimmed off and sent to a machine that will grind it back down to be used again. Any frisbees with defected shape, weight, or misprinted decorations are also recycled to be re-used in a different mold.

Speed - Glide - Turn - Fade

Speed determines how hard you must throw the disc. It is measured with numbers 1 through 13.

The glide is how long the disc can stay in the air and is measured on a scale of 1 to 7.

Turn shows how much a disc turns to the right when thrown and is measured from -5 to 1.

The fade is how far the disc turns to the left at the end of the flight. Numbers 0 to 5 are used for the rating.

Speed - Glide - Turn - Fade

Professional players use the numbers on a disc golf frisbee to decide which type they want to use before making their throw. Now that you know what the range of numbers mean for each rating, you can begin to master the sport!

Some companies are known for specializing in frisbees for specific activities. Innova makes frisbees for disc golf, and Discraft specializes in Ultimate Frisbee discs. Nerf and Wham-O make all-around frisbees that are for kids or beginners! Depending on what you plan to do with your frisbee, you can get one made by the pros!

The Bottom Line

Through the injection molding process, frisbees are easily mass-produced and then used for sports like disc golf or for some family fun! Frisbee makes the ultimate outdoor game since you don’t need a court, referee, or rules to have fun playing.


Wonderopolis. (2014). How Does a Frisbee Fly? Retrieved January 8, 2020, from

Made How. (2019). Frisbee. Retrieved January 8, 2020, from

Professional Disc Golf Association. (June 10, 2010). GUIDELINES & PROCEDURES FOR MANUFACTURERS TO CERTIFY THAT


Carter, Jordan. (2019). 10 Best Frisbees (Review) In 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020, from

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