Miscellaneous

New Year’s Eve Traditions Around the World

New Year’s Eve is a time of celebrating a bygone 365 days and welcoming what lies ahead. In America, it’s marked by a big ball drop in Times Square, a kiss with your significant other when the clock strikes 12, and popped corks from bottles of champagne and wine. Everyone is in good spirits and feeling optimistic about the future.

There’s no right way to celebrate auld lang syne as long as you’re making wishes and going into the new year with a positive attitude. Across the world, people of all ages want to spend this celebration with family, friends, and loved ones.

Maybe you can’t afford to travel across the border or over the oceans to see these celebrations. Get your passport ready because we’re taking you to every continent to share New Year’s traditions around the world!

EUROPE

Denmark –  They may not have their own Times Square, but the people of Denmark still gather in masses to celebrate the new year. It’s tradition to listen to the Queen’s speech and then head over to the Royal Palace in Copenhagen to wait for the clock’s chime. It’s also customary to shatter unused dishes and plates, as well as climb on top of chairs and literally jump into New Year’s Day at midnight to bring good luck.

Estonia New Year's Eve
Image source: Slim V., Youtube

Estonia – If you want to ensure you don’t go hungry make sure you celebrate New Year’s Eve in Estonia. Traditionally, people eat seven, nine, or twelve meals a day with the goal of having abundance in the next 365 days. These numbers are considered the luckiest so it’s completely encouraged to cheat on your diet and start the new year with an extra pound or two. Rest assured, leaving some food on the plate for ancestral spirits is encouraged.

Ireland – Before getting excited about the new year, people in Ireland make sure to spot clean their entire house. They even go outside and give the same TLC to their garden and cars. When it gets closer to midnight, it’s tradition to throw bread at the walls to chase away evil spirits. This is followed by a special dinner where they reminisce about family and close friends who passed away. To honor their loved ones, they leave the door unlatched and set a place at the table.

Scotland New Year's Eve
Image source: A. Hughes, Express

Scotland – Neighbors visit each other and impart wishes to celebrate Hogmanay. The first person to cross the threshold of a home in the new year should carry in a gift for good luck. However, it’s considered most lucky if the “first-footer” is a tall handsome man with dark hair. Meanwhile, the celebration outside involves traditional bagpipes and drums playing. There are also balls made of wire filled with paper and material scraps that are set on fire and tossed into the bay.

Germany – Berlin is home to one of the largest New Year’s Eve celebrations in Europe with millions of people showing up each year. It’s called Silvester and involves parties, fireworks, and Sekt (German sparkling wine). At home, families melt lead by holding a flame under a tablespoon. They pour it into a bucket of water and the pattern is said to predict the coming year. A heart/ring shape means an upcoming wedding, a ball means luck will roll your way, and a pig means you’ll have plenty of food.

Spain – Some people celebrate New Year’s Eve with delicious wine. If you’re in Spain, however, you will enjoy the grapes before they are fermented. The tradition is to eat 12 grapes one at a time at midnight. Each grape represents one of your wishes, and if you manage to stuff every one into your mouth, all your dreams will come true! Another custom is to wear colored underwear, each representing a different hope for the new year.

 

AUSTRALIA

Australia New Year's Eve
Image source: B. Cumming, ABC

Celebrate the holiday during the peak of the summer. In Australia, they celebrate New Year’s Eve while the sun is shining bright. Fireworks mark the end of the new year, the most elaborate occurring at midnight in Sydney Harbor. The day is meant for relaxation, visiting family and friends, and if you have time, attending one of the many horse racing carnivals, parades, or summer fairs.

 

AFRICA

South Africa – In South Africa, they’re all about out with the old and in with the new. During New Year’s Eve, it’s customary to throw old furniture out the window and into the street. This isn’t as heavily in practice today, instead being replaced with great firework displays and all-night parties. Cape Town in particular holds a special carnival with singing, dancing, bright clothes, and face paint.

Ethiopia New Year's Eve
Image Source: Rasta Ites

Ethiopia – Ethiopia is one of the only countries in the world to recognize a 13th month. Interestingly enough, they celebrate the new year on September 11th with huge festivities. The event is called Enkutatash, which translates to “gift of jewels,” and harks back to the days when the Queen of Sheba went on a trip and was gifted with jewels upon her return. Today, children receive small gifts and adults gather with friends and family.

Nigeria – Celebrations of New Year’s Eve in Nigeria involve elaborate parties where friends and family exchange wishes and offer prayers. Lagos holds many masquerades such as the Calabar Carnival and Lagos Countdown where citizens dress in animal masks and perform high energy dances on the streets. This tradition symbolizes good luck and cheerfulness and wards away evil energy and negativity. The best part is their celebration lasts for 20 days and begins on December 7th or 8th.

Zimbabwe New Year's Eve
Image source: KHBUZZ

Zimbabwe –Why celebrate New Year’s Eve for only one night? That’s the thought in Zimbabwe where they host a 3-day extravaganza with big crowds at Jameson Vic Falls Carnival. Entertainment includes fire dancers, stilt walkers, and the continent’s biggest waterfall. There are also many live performances by local deejays and other up-and-coming musicians.

Senegal – New Year’s Eve is a joyous occasion, marked by the colorful Le Fanal Festival in Senegal. Lanterns are lit and paraded down the street with drumming and singing. People dress up in elaborate costumes and embrace the music. There is also the annual Abéné Festivalo, a 10-day drumming festival that begins at the end of December and extends all the way to January. Aside from the music, there is also traditional Senegalese wrestling matches.

 

NORTH AMERICA

Mexico New Year's Eve
Image source: K. Gardiner, Sherman’s Travel

Mexico – The Año Neuvo is a time of embracing renewal. This is marked by throwing buckets of water out the window and opening the front door to symbolically sweep out the old year. Families toss coins onto the ground and sweep them back into the house to encourage a prosperous future. Meanwhile, they attend decorative parties, parades, and festivals, complete with eye-catching fireworks and the traditional Latin American custom of burning scarecrows.

Puerto Rico – Similar to other Latin cultures, the people in Puerto Rico throw pails of water out the window to drive away evil spirits and eat 12 grapes at midnight. As in Ireland, they also clean everything – the car, their house, the garden, the streets. This is meant to start New Year’s Eve with a fresh slate. To encourage a lucky future, families also sprinkle sugar outside of their house. Traditional food is served to celebrate, including arroz con gandules, pasteles, roasted pig, coquito, and rice pudding.

Canada New Year's Eve
Image source: T. Jerven, Daily Hive

Canada – People in Canada embrace similar celebrations as their American neighbors. This includes drinks, fireworks, and live music. If you’re feeling particularly ambitious, you can also do the polar bear plunge, a tradition that involves going into freezing waters to raise money for charities. Of course, you can always visit Niagara Falls and enjoy the countdown by one of the country’s most famous landmarks.

 

SOUTH AMERICA

 

Ecuador New Year's Eve
Image Source: El Universal

Ecuador – At the annual Años Viejos, the people in Ecuador burn scarecrows at midnight. These are filled with paper or sawdust and modeled after a public figure who somehow wronged the world in the previous year, such as a corrupt politician or a celebrity who fell from grace. This tradition originated in Guayaquil in 1895 when a yellow fever epidemic hit the town and coffins packed with the deceased’s clothes were burned for purification. The Ecuadorians also burn photographs from the previous year in the name of good fortune and starting fresh.

Brazil –Thankfully, the weather in Brazil is nice all year since people love to celebrate New Year’s Eve in the water. It’s considered good luck if you can jump over seven different waves while making wishes, one for each wave. Additionally, they enjoy fireworks on Rio de Janeiro’s shores while eating lentils, which signify wealth. The most popular color to wear is white as it is said to bring good luck and peace. Similar to Años Viejos, they burn life-sized dolls with face masks that represent bad events from the past year.

Peru New Year's Eve
Image source: Aracari

Peru – As is the case in most South American countries, the Peruvians celebrate the new year with grapes, fireworks, and traditional food. However, they also have their own custom that involves putting three potatoes under a chair. One is peeled, one is partially peeled, and the other has all its skin. At midnight, a person chooses a potato with their eyes closed and each yields a prediction for the future. If you get the one with skin, you’ll be prosperous, the one that’s partially peeled means you’ll have a normal year, and the one with no skin means you’re destined to have no money.

Chile – New Year’s Eve in Chile is meant to honor the dearly departed. Families in Talca spend the night in the company of their deceased loved ones by sleeping at the cemetery. Beforehand, they all gather for an abundant dinner that includes stuffed turkey or some kind of other meat. When it hits midnight, they celebrate with eye-catching fireworks and wear certain colors as is tradition in South America to indicate a hope for the future. For the night, they bring along small snacks and drinks and light fires next to the graves.

 

ASIA

Philippines New Year's Eve
Image source: Babies Ideas

Philippines – In the Philippines, they believe everything should be round on New Year’s Eve. This represents coins and is said to bring wealth into the future. The celebration includes plenty of noise with horns, music, yelling, blowing whistles, clanging pots and pans, and lighting firecrackers to keep away bad luck and evil spirits. Filipino people also eat traditional pancit noodles and delicacies like malagkit and biko. Before the clock strikes midnight, all the windows and doors, including cabinets, cupboards, and drawers, are left open to allow good luck to enter.

Thailand – Even though it’s on the other side of the world, Thailand adopts the same custom of throwing water as in South American countries. However, their tradition also includes smearing each other with gray talc during Songkran. The talc represents the sins of the previous year with the water washing away all wrongdoings. The entire festival lasts for three days and includes lighting candles and incense at shrines. As in other countries, they also play games, eat traditional foods, and spend quality time with family.

China New Year's Eve
Image source: V. Louise, Pretty Girls Sweat

China – The Chinese New Year occurs anywhere between late January and the third week of February. Parades of dancing dragons and lions, representing longevity and wealth, weave their way through crowded streets. People throughout the country light plastic firecrackers to create loud noises that scare away evil spirits. Additionally, families give out lucky money to their loved ones. These are put in red envelopes with their family name and good luck messages written in gold.

South Korea – New Year’s Eve is a special occasion in South Korea. Many of their seaside towns hold “sunrise festivals” where people watch the first sunrise of the New Year. If you make a wish as the sun rises, it will come true for the new year. Some people also write down their hopes and dreams and put them in balloons or lanterns that are released into the sky. Koreans wear traditional hanboks and focus on reconnecting with family. They also make duk gook rice cakes or dumplings to offer to their ancestors.

Japan New Year's Eve
Image source: Chica Manga

Japan – New Year’s Eve, or Oshogatsu, is marked by all the bells in the country getting rung 108 times. This aligns with the Buddhist belief of bringing cleanliness into the new year. In Japan, the holiday is celebrated with a three-day festival full of games, food, and family. People place kadomatsus (pine branches, bamboo, plum twigs) outside their home, one on either side of the entrance, as a way to welcome good spirits. As in China, children are given otoshidamas which are small gifts or decorated envelopes with money.

The earliest celebrations of the New Year came around the same time as the invention of the calendar, dating back to ancient Mesopotamia over 4,000 years ago. New Year’s Eve customs around the world are all unique with each country having their own way of celebrating. The new year superstitions are meant to create good luck, fortune, happiness, and overall a better near future. Whether you’re backpacking through Europe or enjoying the sights down under, there’s no doubt you’ll feel both nostalgic and hopeful for the new year. It just goes to show these feelings are universal and are shared by everyone on this special holiday!

 

References:

Pegg, D. (2017, November 21). 25 Strangest New Year’s Traditions From Around the World. Retrieved May 3, 2018, from https://list25.com/25-strangest-new-years-traditions-from-around-the-world/

Fadden, C. (2017, December 26). New Year’s Traditions Around the World. Retrieved May 3, 2018.

Yerin, K. (2017, December 28). 8 Unique New Year’s Eve Traditions from Around the World. Retrieved May 3, 2018, from https://www.instyle.com/lifestyle/new-years-eve-traditions-around-world

Petro, B. (2017, September 12). History of Ethiopian New Year: What is Enkutatash? Retrieved May 8, 2018, from https://billpetro.com/history-of-ethiopian-new-year

Barbezat, S. (2017, December 31). New Year’s Eve in Mexico. Retrieved May 8, 2018, from https://www.tripsavvy.com/new-years-eve-in-mexico-1588741

La Costanera. (2015, December 26). Peruvian New Year’s Traditions and Superstitions. Retrieved May 8, 2018.


Aguiluz, A. (2016, December 30). Chilean Traditions for the New Year. Retrieved May 8, 2018, from https://www.thisischile.cl/chilean-traditions-for-the-new-year/?lang=en