History of Coffee Mugs Timeline
Stay caffeinated and get a full look at the different styles of coffee mugs over the years. From copper mugs to custom diner cups, you'll see how this morning hero has evolved over the years.
Published: December 8th, 2020
Coffee dates back to the 11th century with the first mugs made from wood, metal, or animal bones. The invention of ceramics changed the design of coffee cups, allowing for bold colors, intricate designs, and company logos printed on the surface.
Imagine the world without our favorite hot beverages. Building a snowman in the winter wouldn't be as fun without the promise of hot chocolate. A piping hot cup of tea to wind down after a long day wouldn't be the same without porcelain mugs and kettles. Who doesn't remember their first taste of coffee? Hot drinks are part of the best memories, and in turn, the best memories can be preserved on custom mugs!
What's the history of coffee mugs? When was the first coffee mug created? Sit back and relax, pour yourself a hot cup of joe, and get ready to learn the brief history of coffee mugs.
Early humans during the Neolithic era poured their beverages into wooden or metal mugs or even animal skulls. The invention of the pottery wheel allowed for ceramic or clay mugs such as this one, excavated in east-central China.
People in Britain drank from "beaker pots," which were bell-shaped pieces of pottery. These reflected the Bell-Beaker culture that is rumored to have migrated across Europe.
The evolution of ceramics allowed ancient people to showcase their artistry. With the pottery wheel, new designs and imprints could be created such as the geometric pattern on this clay mug.
Novelty mugs came onto the scene in the form of puzzles in Europe. These custom mugs had dribble holes and tunnels inside the handle and cup walls, making them difficult to drink from.
Transfer printing emerged as a decoration technique during the Industrial Revolution. This allowed for the mass-production of customized mugs.
The Victor Insulator Company offered a piece of Americana with their simple white diner mugs. These came screen-printed with the name of the eatery and were used throughout the country.
Espresso mugs became available in colors other than white and started featuring a logo for decoration. Illy was the first company to offer decorated espresso mugs such as the one pictured here.
The first branded Starbucks cup made its debut, with the design changing over the years. They've offered cups with all kinds of patterns and colors, as well as exclusive holiday cups.
Thermos turned their attention to insulated travel tumblers. These high-quality mugs are the perfect companions for lengthy commutes and groggy mornings.
Companies began to get creative with the designs of their mugs, such as this Rubiks Cube Mug pictured here. While you can't necessarily solve the puzzle, you can at least get your daily caffeine fix right in the cup!
Taking advantage of heat-sensitive paint, a variety of custom heat-changing mugs came onto the scene. As you warm up your cup of joe the image will alter and change colors, creating an entirely new design.
The world continues to think of new ways to change the mug's design, such as this temperature-controlled, 12 oz. travel mug created by Ember Technologies.
The discovery of coffee dates back to the 11th century in Ethiopia, but the first mugs were actually discovered long before that in China and Japan. These mugs were made from wood or even animal skulls during the Neolithic Stone Age. There is no evidence as to whether or not early humans drank coffee in these cups, but they still remain some of the first pieces of drinkware on the planet!
As the world advanced, drinkware became available in different materials. Upgrading from the animal bones of the Neolithic Age, mugs were made from gold, silver, bronze, and lead. These cups were almost impossible to drink from because the exterior would get extremely hot when the coffee was poured. That's why you should never touch a metal bowl when it comes out of the microwave!
Drinking from bone mugs was not the most sanitary practice and metal mugs were causing blisters and burns. For the first time, ancient civilizations were able to create tangible, customized objects with the invention of ceramics. Ceramics are made from clay that has been mixed with water and heated to a high temperature. The industry has roots tracing back to ancient Mesopotamia, India, and Egypt. The technique for creating these ceramics changed throughout time with many inventions being introduced to the craft, including the pottery wheel in 3000 BC. This wheel produced many fine works including vases, bowls, plates, vessels for storing water, and of course, coffee mugs.
Ceramics went beyond just containers for food and beverages. Ancient civilizations wanted to create art and establish culture. Eventually, clay mugs were created on the pottery wheel and then decorated by hand. Before firing, they would use their fingers, sticks, or strings to add texture and patterns. Some of the earliest instances of branding came at this time. Potters would mark their ceramic mugs, pots, and vases with a design that identified the object as one being made by their tribe.
Ceramics made it possible for mugs to be customized in many unique ways. One such method was puzzle mugs, which were introduced in Europe in the 1700s. These novelty cups had holes hidden inside the handle and cup walls. The trick was to cover all the spouts with your fingers in order to sip your drink. The potter would include instructions in a sealed envelope on how to drink from the mug.
Puzzle mugs were also known as teasing pitchers or water jugs and were found in village inns and public houses until the 19th century. The holes in the drinking vessel created an ornate design, and some mugs even featured engraved messages on the body. Many taverns kept these mugs in house as a way to entertain their customers. People would make bets on whether or not they could drain the mug without spilling on their shirts or laps. No telling how many third degree burns occurred as a result of these novelty mugs!
As the world continued to advance, new decoration techniques were introduced for customizing mugs with bold designs. During the mid-1750s, transfer printing emerged in Britain for creating patterns onto ceramics. The process began with a flat copper plate being engraved. Next, the plate was inked with a coloring and the design was pressed on with a thin sheet of tissue paper. Finally, the custom mug was fired in a kiln and completed.