Other Lessons in This Course
- How Do Mood Pencils Work?
- How a Pen Works!
- How Do Mood Pencils Work?
- How Umbrellas are Made
- How are Stress Balls Made?
- How are Sticky Notes Made?
- What are Magnets Made Of?
- How Sports Bottles are Made
- How Golf Balls are Made?
- Anatomy of Pens and Pencils
- How Injection Molding Works
- How Effective are Hand Sanitizers?
- How Ceramic Mugs are Made
- How are Pens Made?
- How Pencils are Made
- How Tote Bags are Made
Do you remember your high school chemistry class? Chances are if you didn’t fall asleep, you know a little something about molecules and compounds. This basic knowledge is all you need to understand how mood items like rings, pencils, and cups change colors.
How do color-changing products work? Why do people love these novelty items? It’s time to paint a picture and learn the amazing science behind mood products.
There has to be an extreme change in temperature in order for color-changing items to work. While you shouldn’t throw your mood pencil into a fire or blizzard, you’ll likely see a difference in appearance depending on both temperature and pressure. For example, if you squeeze a mood pencil, it will be a much different color than if you let it sit on your desk.
Of course, temperature isn’t enough to change the color of the product. There are two types of inks or dyes that make items change color.
The most common method is through leuco dyes. Most promotional products, like mood pencils and stadium cups, use this type of ink to change colors. Each microcapsule inside the dye contains three substances:
1. A colorant
2. An acid
3. A solvent
The solvent remains solid at low temperatures, keeping the colorant and acid close together. As a result, the mixture reflects light and creates color. When the temperature increases, the solvent liquefies and the colorant and acid come apart. At this point the dye becomes translucent, allowing any color, pattern, or word printed on an underlying layer of ink to show through.
What Are Leuco Dyes Used For?
Leuco dyes are found in a wide variety of products. They add a fun element to packaging and typical objects like pens and drinkware. Take a look at some of the surprising places you’ll find leuco dyes.
Thermochromic Liquid Crystals (TLCs)
While they’re not as common as leuco dyes, TLCs are also very effective at changing a product’s color. The crystals are liquid, but their molecules are structured and organized in a way typical of solid materials. This substance is composed of mini capsules that are covered by a chemical base. In warm temperatures (about 80ºF), the capsules reorganize like matches in a box. However, in colder temperatures, the crystals move farther apart. The final color depends on how close the crystals are together and how much white light is reflected.
Thermochromic liquid crystals work very similar to iridescent products. They are also very temperature sensitive, which means they provide a more accurate reading than leuco dyes. As such, they’re used for many important items like thermometers and other medical equipment.
What Are Thermochromic Liquid Crystals (TLCs) Used For?
Thermochromic liquid crystals (TLCs) are used for a number of essential items. From household appliances to modern technology, check out all of the uses for this substance.
Do Mood Items Actually Show Emotions?
As the story goes, a mood item reflects how you’re feeling at any given time. The factual evidence of this is about equivalent to fairy dust – you’ve just got to believe in its power for it to be real!
For those who believe in the magic, you can gauge how you’re feeling based on the color of your item. Take a look at the Mood Item Color Wheel to get a better grip on your feelings.
While there is a correlation between how you’re feeling and body temperature, mood items are meant to be fun and shouldn’t be taken too seriously. In other words, don’t expect flowers if your significant other’s ring is suddenly purple. It’s also best to not get overly concerned if you see the mood cup they’re holding turn dark green.
The Bottom Line
Mood items will always be a valuable way to get attention, whether it’s hitting the road in a stylish, color-changing car or advertising your company with mood pencils at the next trade show. Bring this trend into your life, and don’t be surprised if your mood ring gets permanently stuck on blue!
Alyssa is the Lead Copywriter at Quality Logo Products. As a promo expert, she's uncovered the world’s first custom tote bag, interviewed the guy behind rock band ACDC’s logo, and had a piece published by the Advertising Specialty Institute, a leader in the promotional products industry.